The Constitution of the
World Hindu Federation
Vishwa Hindu Mahasangh
In pursuance of the First International Hindu Conference held at Birgunj, Dharmapuri in Nepal on 29 Chaitra, 2037 B.S.(12 –April 1981), the Auspicious Day of Ram Nawami, duly opened by the Hindu Monarch, His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev of the Hindu Heartland of Nepal, the only Hindu Kingdom on the world map, a cogent, autonomous, international, non-governmental organization registered as World Hindu Sammelan in 1984 AD/2040 BS with its constitution and the Second International Hindu Conference held in Nepal from March 24 to 28, 1988 decided to change its name as World Hindu Federation.
The World Hindu Federation shall commensurate to the true spirit of encompassing the globally, far-flung pursuers of Hinduism in the Hindu fold, in consonance with the inherent ideal that the entire globe is one family upon inculcating the holy objectives of one World-Family for universal peace, universal well-being and mutual cooperativeness.
1. Name : The name of the organization shall be Vishwa Hindu Mahasangh in Nepali and in English it will be The World Hindu Federation.
2. Central Office : The Central Office of the Federation shall be based in Kathmandu, Nepal.
3. Flag and Emblem : The flag and the emblem of the Federation shall be as laid down in the appendix.
4. Definitions : Unless the subject or context otherwise requires, in this constitution the following terms shall have the following meanings:-
i. 'Constitution' means the constitution of the World Hindu Federation 1984AD/2040 BS.
ii. "Federation" means the 'World Hindu Federation'.
iii. 'Hindu' means the pursuers of the Vaidic, Buddhist, Sikh, Jain, Naga and other Hindu culture who accept the following code of conduct:
A. Keeping faith in and reverence for Omkar.
B. Non-killing of the cow and her progeny.
C. Keeping faith in the phenomenon of Rebirth.
D. Devoting to moral, righteous and spiritual aspects of Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (truthfulness), Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy) & Aparigraha (non-acquisitiveness).*
E. Dedication and commitment to the promotion of unity, good faith, coordination, oneness and cooperation among the pursuers of Hindu ideals.
5. Commencement of the Constitution: The Constitution shall come into effect immediately after it is endorsed by the concerning authorities in Nepal.
CHAPTER – 1
ARTICLE – 1
The Principle objective of the WHF shall be to promote Hindu philosophy through effective coordination and cooperation by providing common platform to Omkar Pariwar i.e. Vedic, Jain, Bauddha & Sikh organizations.
ARTICLE – 2
Aims and objectives:
a. To foster Educational, Cultural, Social and Spiritual affinities among the Hindus by promoting the philosophies of Omkar Pariwar.
b. To serve and/or strengthen institutions and organizations that serve orphans, senior citizens, disabled, widows, poor and needy.
c. To study the philosophical, spiritual and cultural ways of lives of the Rishis, Maharshis and Saints.
d. To create awareness for the protection of cows and eradicate orthodox discriminatory social practices and anomalies of custom, beliefs and rituals without infringing the basic principles enumerated in the Holy Scriptures.
e. To establish, preserve and support educational Institutions for the promotion of study, research and promotion of scriptures in Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali, Gurumukhi, Tibettan, Sinhalese, Chinese etc., all languages as communicated by the Hindus.
f. To contribute towards global peace through promotion of 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' Philosophy (whole of mankind is one family) and maintain partnership with international organizations of similar objectives.
g. To work against suppressive activities around the world and initiate/hold dialogues with governments and relevant organizations including Human Rights Organization wherever felt necessary.
h. To strengthen the voice and rights of the Hindus through public and private channels for general awareness.
i. (i) To undertake production and publication of books, periodic journals and newspapers together with modern audio-visual materials in Sanskrit and other languages in order to promote the objectives of the Federation.(ii) To provide translations of Hindu scriptures for Hindus residing in different parts of the world in local languages.
j. To establish museums, reading rooms and libraries for cultures, antique Hindu materials like coins, paintings, etc.,
k. To hold meetings, seminars and conferences to disseminate and promote Hindu ideals,
l. To organize regular programmes of singing hymn (Bhajan-Kirtan) and sermons at local, national and international levels,
m. To establish and support centres for the practice of Yoga as propounded in the scriptures for the physical, mental and spiritual development of mankind and to encourage Yoga in educational institutions,
n. To create awareness to eliminate superstitions and orthodoxies,
o. To launch organized protests against immoral and inhuman activities undertaken by any religious community or nation, which are contrary to the spirit of Hindu ideals,
p. To harness popular support for the promotion and propagation of Hindu values and practices by framing and propagating uniform CODE OF CONDUCT.
q. To establish, upkeep, promote or render assistance to Maths, Temples, Ashrams, Vihars, Upasana Kendras, Gurudwaras, and other Shrines of Hindu Deities,
r. To establish, manage or upkeep (where needs arise) render assistance to charitable and welfare institutions, voluntary institutions which serve the cause of the orphans, the widows, the old, the disabled, the infirm and the poors,
s. To make constant efforts to develop a curriculum and an educational system based on Hindu Culture or Values,
t. To organize and operate a Volunteer Corps for accomplishing the objectives of the Federation,
u. To create awareness among the people all over the world on the importance of cow as a source of popular benefit, and also as a key to the maintenance of ecological balance and also establish, operate, preserve and co-operate (on organizational or individual basis) cow sanctuary (Gaushala) around the world.
v. To accept and acquire charity, grants, gifts, etc. from individuals, communities, institutions, and organizations, and to grant financial aid, scholarships, and gifts for fulfilling the objectives of the Federation.
CHAPTER – 2
ARTICLE – 3
Every adult Hindu having faith as set forth in Preamble Article 4(c) – (A) to (E) of this constitution can be the member of the Federation.
Also lawfully established Hindu Organizations, Temples, Trusts, Maths, Gumbas, Ashrams, Vihars, Upasana Kendras, Gurudwaras & Pratisthans shall be entitled to apply for membership in accordance with the above articles.
The membership will be granted after the approval of the Executive Committee.
Every application for membership shall be in prescribed form given by the Executive Committee.
ARTICLE – 4
A) Category of Membership:
The membership categories shall be as follows:
b) Dharma Guru,
c) Founder Member,
d) Donor/Major donor
e) Distinguished Life Member,
f) Institutional Member
g) National Chapters
B) Classification of Membership:
a) Patron : The personage who can provide patronage shall be recognized as the Patron of the Federation.
b) Dharma Guru : This membership will be provided in reverence to their moral support, contribution and dignity to the Federation and the Hindus of the World.
c) Founder Member : Those individuals who became members at the time of Federation's establishment, will be considered as the Founder member.
d) Donor/Major Donors : Those who contribute and are awarded with the 'Om Bisista Hindu Sewa Ratna' (those contributing Rs. 5,00,000), and 'Bishwa Hindu Sewa Ratna' (those contributing Rs. 1,00,000) will be in this category as Donor. Those who contributing Rs. 5,00,001 and/or above will be designated as the 'Major Donor'.
e) Distinguished Life Member : Those who contribute Rs. 5,000 and equivalent are awarded with the 'Distinguished Life Membership'.
f) Association/Institutional Member : The Hindu Associations registered as international organisations fall under this category, but those who are nationally registered go under national chapter. Those Hindu associations who have international status come under the category of this membership of this constitution. Other Hindu associations having national status only fall under national chapters. They will subscribe an amount of Rs. 10,000 only.
g) National Chapters: Those Hindu Organizations either established by the Federation or working as representative of the Federation will be defined as the National Chapter. They will subscribe an amount of Rs. 10,000 annually.
Eligibility of category of Members for the Privileges of all the WHF including voting at Annual and Extraordinary General Meetings shall be as decided by executive committee. The rights and privileges of the members of the WHF shall not be transferable.
Cessation of Membership:
(a) A member shall cease to be a Member of the WHF in any of the following events and conditions.
i. in the event of death.
ii. if he/she, by notice in writing addressed to the WHF, tenders resignation of his/her membership.
iii. if he/she becomes mentally unsound.
iv. if he/she is convicted of criminal offences of atrocious nature..
v. if any institution/organization is in arrears of subscription for 1 year.
(b) The Executive Committee may, by a majority resolution, suspend or expel any Member whose conduct in the opinion of the Executive Committee renders unfit to be a Member of the WHF. Any such Member shall, as from the passing of such resolution cease to be a Member of the WHF.
(c) The decision of the Executive Committee as to whether any Member/Member organization has ceased to be a Member, shall be final and binding on any such Member.
(d) No organization or Member who may have resigned from the membership shall be re-admitted to the WHF unless fresh application for membership is made and approved by the WHF.
Principle Organs of the Federation:
1. The General Assembly (Maha Sammelan),
2. The Council of Patrons (Samrakshak Mandal),
3. The Religious Council (Dharma Sabha),
4. The General Council (Maha Sabha),
5. The Executive Committee (Karyakarini Samiti), and
6. The Board of Trustees (Nyas Mandal)
The General Assembly:
The composition of the general assembly formed by the executive committee after the election of the President shall be as follows:
1. Government representative
3. Members of the religious council,
4. Founder members,
5. Executive committee members,
6. General council members,
7. Distinguished life members,
9. Life dedicators,
10. Institutional members/representatives,
11. Twenty persons from amongst the life members made by national chapter, and
12. Twenty persons from the national executive committee members.
Powers and Modus Operandi of the General Assembly:
1. The general assembly shall provide general directives to the general council.
2. The general assembly shall meet every five years at a date and place fixed by the executive committee.
The Council of Patrons:
1. The council of patrons shall be composed of Omkar Pariwar who are eminent and renowned in social and national/international field,
2. The President shall constitute the council of patrons consisting of one chief and other five person as patrons on the recommendation of executive committee .
3. The council of patrons may, as per necessity, provide counsel and assistance in religious, social, cultural and financial matters,
The Religious Council (Dharma Sabha):
1. There shall be a Religious Council consisting of the respected, renowned Dharma Gurus, Acharyas, Saints, Mahants and Philosophers from the Omkar Family .
2. The Executive Committee shall constitute/re-constitute the Religious Council.
3. The Religious Council may advise or make recommendations on matters of religion and code of conduct upon the request of the Executive Committee or on its own.
4. The issues on religious and social matters raised by a Dharma Guru, organization or community of the Hindu denomination shall be submitted to the Religious Council for their consideration.
The General Council (Mahasabha):
1. The General Council shall be the supreme body of the Federation.
2. The General Council may control and direct the Executive Committee, Board of Trustees and the committees composed by it, and may increase or decrease their number thereof.
ARTICLE – 11
Composition of the General Council:
1. One nominee from each of the Governments extending support to the Federation,
2. All the office-bearers and members of the Central Executive Committee,
3. Ten percent Executive Members of each National Chapter,
4. One representative from each University extending support to the Federation,
5. Not exceeding fifty members nominated by the Executive Committee from among the Distinguished Life Members,
6. Ten Members nominated by the Executive Committee from among the donors,
7. Ten percent of the founder-members nominated by the Executive Committee,
8. Maximum 250 members nominated by the Executive Committee from among the various world organizations engaged in Hindu welfare,
9. Maximum 10 life members from the countries where legally constituted National Chapter exists,
10. The General Council may, as per necessity, revise the specified number of members from amongst the categories mentioned above,
11. Any vacancy caused by any reason, shall be filled in by the Executive Committee.
Functions of the General Council:
1. The General Council shall elect the President for a five-year term. In case the office of the President falls vacant, the Senior Vice-President shall be the acting president for the rest of the tenure of office.
Normally, the General Council shall meet two times in a period of 5 years.
The General Council shall conduct the following business:
a. President's address
b. Reviewing Secretary General's Report,
c. Reviewing the Audit Report,
d. Deliberations on future Plans and Programs.
e. Approval of resolutions presented by he Executive Committee,
f. Approval of formal resolution regarding Consitution amendment,
g. Any other with the permission of the chair,
2. Extraordinary Meeting:
a. The Executive Committee, if it deems necessary, may convene an extraordinary meeting of the General Council
b. For the purpose stated in (a), the Secretary General shall send a 4-week notice together with the meeting agenda to the council members.
c. The General Council shall also meet upon a written request by one-fourth of the total members made to the secretary general, who on his part, shall call the council meeting within six weeks.
Procedures and Quorum:
1. The quorum for the meeting of the General Council shall be 100 members present.
3. a. The quorum for amendment to the constitution shall be 2/3 of the General Council Members present
b. The quorum for removal of the president shall be 2/3 of the members present. However, at least one fourth of the total members present shall have to submit a written resolution to the general council
4. To call the General Council meeting the Secretary General, upon the president's approval, shall issue a 2-month notice along with the agenda to the members.
5. The General Council meeting shall be presided over by the President, and in his absence, by the Vice-President in the order of appointment of seniority, and in the absence of all of them, shall be presided over by a member chosen by the Council Session.
6. All decisions of the General Council shall be adopted by a majority. In case of a tie, the President shall exercise a casting vote.
General Council Resolution may be adopted by circular:
The Secretary General may, if necessary, as per the decision of the Executive Committee, circulate the draft resolutions to the members of the Council, and if not dissented by 5 members or more, the resolutions, shall be deemed to have been adopted by the General Council.
Board of Trustees (Nyas Mandal):
The General Council shall constitute a Board of Trustees from among its members consisting of maximum seven members. The Board shall under the directives of the General Council and the Executive Committee, manage the acquisition, protection, investment, disposal, donation and gift of all movable and immovable property for/of the Federation.
The Executive Committee (Karya Karini Samiti):
1. The President shall constitute an Executive Committee comprising maximum 111 members, including the office bearers from among the members of the General Council. Care should be taken to include members from each of the four religions of the Omkar Parivar from each affiliated country.
2. The Executive committee shall continue in office until a new committee is constituted by the President.
Office-bearers of the Executive Committee:
1. The President shall nominate the following office bearers of the Executive Committee:
a. Senior Vice-President (One),
b. Vice-President (eight), at least one vice president representing each of the four religions.
c. Secretary General (One),
d. Secretaries (Seven), at least one secretary representing each of the four religions.
e. Treasurer (One), and
f. Deputy Treasurer (as required),
2. The President, the Vice-President, the Secretary General, the Secretaries, the Treasurer and the Deputy Treasurers of the Executive Committee shall be the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretaries, Treasurer and Deputy Treasurers of the General Council, respectively.
Duties, Powers and Functions of the Executive Committee:
1. To implement the resolution of the General Council and to conduct business of the Federation with a view to fulfilling its aims and objectives under the guidance and control of the General Assembly and the General Council. The Executive Committee shall have the following additional powers and functions:
a. To acquire, look after and manage movable and immovable properties of the Federation,
b. To create popular opinion and accept subsidies, donations and capitations with or without condition, provided that any condition inconsistent with the objectives of the Federation shall not be acceptable,
c. To fix, provide facilities, salaries, remuneration and allowances to the employees
d. To approve the Budget,
e. To reviewe and approve the Audit Report,
f. To appoint the auditor,
g. To frame by-laws as specified in the Art-19 , sub-clause 6.
h. To constitute committees and sub-committees as per necessity, and to delegate powers to them,
i. To receive resignation from a member, or to make a scrutiny of the membership applications,
j. To borrow money with or without security, and thus, to invest the fund of the Federation in bonds, securities and, etcetera for its growth.
k. To formulate such rules and regulations as may be necessary for the up-keep of welfare, discipline and prestige of the employees to the Federation,
l. To carry out essential bank operations in the name of the Federation,
m. To carry out all other activities for fulfilling the objective of the Federation.
2. For the discharge of rules to be attended by the Executive Committee, the Committee shall have the power to appoint a work implementation body not exceeding 25 persons, consisting of the President, Senior Vice-President, Secretary General and Treasurer, and its transactions there of shall be deemed as made by the Executive Committee.
Procedures of the Executive Committee:
1. The Executive Committee shall meet as and when necessary. It shall meet at least once a year, and the interval between two meetings shall not be more than one year. The quorum for the Committee meeting shall be constituted by 33 percent of the total members.
2. The meeting of the Executive Committee, in general, shall be summoned by the Secretary General with the prior consent of the President at a 15-day notice served along with the agenda, but, whereas the same shall be summoned at a 7 day notice in case of emergency or special situation.
3. The meeting of the Executive Committee shall be presided over by the President; in his absence by the senior Vice-President, and in the absence of both, one of the Vice-Presidents in the precedence of seniority of appointment, and in the absence of all it shall be presided over by the one elected by the members present at the meeting.
4. The decisions of the Committee shall be adopted by a simple majority. The President shall have a casting vote in case of a tie.
5. A proposal by circular upon the President's approval issued by the Secretary General to the Executive Members shall be treated as a resolution being adopted, in case 5 (five) percent of the members donot express their dissent..
6. The Executive Committee may frame by-laws on the following matters:
a. To carry out the assignments and business of the Federation,
b. To fix qualifications for the recruitment of employees,
c. To hold elections to the various bodies of the Federation,
d. To determine membership fee to the institutional members,
e. To convene a meeting of the General Assembly,
f. To incorporate various representative bodies to the General Assembly,
g. To organize periodic conferences, and
h. To constitute the committees/sub-committees and prescribe the modalities thereof.
Powers and Functions of the President:
1. The President shall be the Chief Executive of the Federation.
2. The President shall preside over the meeting of the General Council. He shall also scrutinise the works of and give guidance and directives to the Vice-Presidents, the Secretary General, Secretaries, Treasurer, Deputy Treasurers and employees of the Federation, whether in the process of duty they act in conformity with the rules and regulations of the Federation, and, shall also supervise as to whether they carry out the resolutions of the General Council and Executive Committee.
3. The President shall have the power to take disciplinary action against an office bearer or employee.
4. The President shall have the power to constitute the Executive Committee. He shall have the power to resuffle the Executive Committee as necessiated.
5. The President shall nominate a person to form an adhoc committee in his or her chairmanship to for the formation of a National Chapter in the respective country,.
6. The President shall have the right to dismiss the chairperson, office bearer or any member who acts in gross violation of the objectives of this constitution. In such case the dismissed person shall have the right to appeal at the Executive Committee and General Council respectively.
7. The President shall have the power to delegate his authority for specified purpose as and when felt necessary.
8. The President shall be fully accountable to the General Council.
Powers and Functions of the Vice-President:
1. In the absence of the President, the senior Vice-President and in the absence of both, any other Vice-President (in order of appointment seniority) shall preside over the meeting of the Executive Committee.
2. In the absence of the President: it shall be the Senior Vice-President and, in the latter's absence it shall be one of the vice presidents (on the ground of appointment seniority) to exercise all the powers of the President. For such period, he shall act as 'Acting President'.
Powers and Functions of the Secretary General:
1. To carry out the business of the Federation under the direction of the President.
2. To properly maintain the records of the movable and immovable properties of the Federation and keep minutes of the meetings of the General Assembly, General Council and the Executive Committees, and see to the implementation of the resolutions passed by these bodies.
3. To make needful correspondence in the process of supervising and monitoring all business and implement the decisions of the General Council; also perform all duties and functions along with preparing accounts statement to be submitted to the General Council and Executive Committee.
4. To keep or cause to keep all records of the Federation.
5. The Secretary General, if need be, shall have the power to take disciplinary action, appoint, dismiss or suspend an employee of the Federation, subject to the provision of by-laws in force. Meanwhile the concerned employee shall have the right to appeal to the President, and the decision of the President shall be final.
Powers and Functions of the Secretaries:
The Secretaries shall, subject to the directives of the President and the Secretary-General, perform the duties, and exercise the powers delegated to them.
Powers and Functions of the Treasurer/Deputy Treasurers:
1. The Treasurer shall, in general, receive all sorts of contributions, aids, subscriptions, etc., and issue receipts thereof for and on behalf of the Federation.
In accordance with the yearly budget he shall exercise allotments of income and expenditure and control them, shall correctly keep the accounts statements and assist the Secretary General in auditing and preparing the budget.
2. The Deputy Treasurers shall exercise such powers and functions as delegated by the Treasurer.
1. The accounts of the Federation shall be kept in the reputable commercial banks, and such accounts shall be operated by the joint signature of at least two persons as specified by the Executive Committee.
2. Upon being instructed by the Executive Committee, the Secretary General and the Treasurer, for the purpose of the Federation, shall jointly have the power to buy or sell the government or individual securities and shares, and to receive the sum of capital, interest, dividend and etc.
National Chapter of the Federation:
Provision of National Chapter of the WHF
1. There shall be an executive committee in each country (National Chapter). There will be a Chairperson (Sabhapati), Vice-Chairperson (Up-Sabhapati), Secretary (Sachiv), Treasurers (Koshadhyaksa) and Members (Karya-Samiti Sadasya).
2. The Chairperson who is elected from among the members will be recognized as a Chairman of the National Chapter. He will be the ex officio member in the Executive Committee (International). This Chairperson will function for a term of five years.
Other members such as Vice-Chairperson, Secretary, Treasurers and members will be appointed according to the need and size of the country
3. The Chairperson shall have to perform as the head of the Executive Committee (National). While appointing members, the Chairperson must try to represent member from each of the four religions and also from the State/Region/District (whatever be the provision of the country)
4. The national Chairperson shall appoint a 'Chief' (Pramukh) to the elected member of the State/region/district level Executive Committee. The 'Chief' will be the head of the State executive. He will have every power to form an executive committee in his jurisdiction.
5. Duty of the Chairperson:
The Chairperson of National Chapter has to inspect his divisional or sub-divisional areas (State/Region/District etc.) at least twice a year. He shall look after their activities and direct to follow principles and duties of this constitution. The Chairperson will have to present the detailed report of the country in the Central Executive Committee Meeting.
Every office bearer & member, mentioned in this constitution is bound to follow the principles and duties mentioned in this constitution. Violating this, he/she shall be removed from the post of the office bearer or member, according to this constitution.
7. Duty of the Secretaries:
Every Secretary, whatever be the level (Country/State/Region/District/Village or Town) shall act in the same manner as mentioned for the Secretary General. But they shall perform in their respective jurisdiction only.
8. As necessary the National Chapter can form rules and regulations to carryout its functions properly. For the approval the chairperson of the national chapter should forward one copy of the draft in the office of the WHF.
Amendment of Constitution:
The constitution may be amended by a 2/3 majority of the members of the General Council present.
All the legal proceedings pertaining to the Federation shall be carried out as its representative by the Executive Committee.
1.0. In case of a national chapter or organizational member or Federation branch ascertained to be working against the basic objectives of the Federation, the Federation Executive Committee shall have the right to suspend, or derecognize such chapter or branch, however, subject to the approval of the General Council at the latter's forthcoming meeting.
1. In the case of the branch of a national chapter, in defiance as in (a) above it shall be the concerning chapter taking action conforming to its own rules and regulations.
2. The General Council shall be the final body to make interpretation of the constitution, or rules and regulations.
3. As guided by article 13 (2) of this constitution, if the conduct of the President or a member is found violating the aims and objectives of the Federation, the General Council shall have the power to remove the President or the member from the position by a two third majority of the members present and voting. Nevertheless, the effected person shall have a reasonable opportunity to defend himself/herself against the impeachment in the General Council.
4. The fiscal year of the Federation shall be a period between the first day of the month of Baishakh and last day of the month of Chaitra, the year calendar as approved by His Majesty's Government, Nepal.
5. The Federation shall be duly registered under the Nepalese law.
6. This constitution shall be applicable to all the members of the Federation irrespective of Country, Community or Sex.